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Mac OS El Capitan was released to manufacturing on 20th September 2015, almost three and a half years ago. Its latest version 10.11.6 (15G22010) was released on 9th July 2018, almost 7 months ago. It runs on the platform including x86-64. Mac OS El Capitan is preceded by OS X 10.10 Yosemite and it is succeeded by macOS 10.12 Sierra. Yes, the Samsung 860 EVO SSD will work in your system. But, if you are planning on sticking with El Capitan you’ll need to enable TRIM manually after you’ve updated the OS to the latest maintenance release 10.11.6. Q&A for power users of Apple hardware and software.
You probably noticed that after you upgraded to OS X El Capitan, slow Mac started to become a trouble. Why does this happen? Well, we found out that El Capitan needs a lot more disk space and RAM to run quickly. The good news is, it's not just possible to speed up El Capitan — it's pretty simple.
The easiest way to get a faster Mac with El Capitan is to get a Mac cleaner. You can download CleanMyMac X for free and simply let the app do everything for you. Speeding up El Capitan with it will only take a few minutes. But if you want to do it manually, read on.
Go over each step to speed up El Capitan system.
1.Speed up your Mac's startup
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It starts at the very beginning. When you turn your Mac on, it typically launches a dozen apps at once. And you probably don't need most of them at that moment. This could be one of the reasons El Capitan running slow. To stop them from launching on startup, go to System Preferences, choose Users & Groups and then click your username. Check the unnecessary apps and click.
Don't worry, if you accidentally remove something useful, just add it back by clicking and choosing it from the Applications folder.
2.Major hard drive cleaning
One of the reasons a Mac gets slow is a full hard drive. To find out how cluttered yours is, click on the main Apple menu in the top left corner and choose About This Mac > Storage. If you see the top bar getting full, like in the screenshot below, it's time to clean up some space.
It might take a while, so here's a piece of advice on how to approach it.
- Arrange your files and folders by size to find the biggest.
To do it: open Finder, click on All My Files in the left menu bar (if you don't see it there, press Command+Shift+F (?+?+F), and then click View in the top menu bar and select Show View Options. Now choose Sort by Size and Arrange by Size. Now all your files are arranged from the biggest to the smallest.
- Arrange your files and folders by date.
If you'd like to arrange them by date to find files you haven't opened in a while (maybe you forgot they were even there!), you can do this by following the steps above, and then changing arrange by Size, to arrange by Date Last Opened. Now click on Date Last Opened in the name of the column and you get a list starting with the oldest files you have.
Don't forget to look at the file type distribution in the Storage tab. It might give you a hint on the folders that occupy the most space and need cleaning.
This process takes a while because your Mac can't arrange files by both size and date at once. However, there are apps that can, such as CleanMyMac X. It has a special module that looks exactly for large and old files and sorts them for you. You can delete the files you don't need directly from the app in just a few clicks.
3. Trim down your system
Trimming down your system includes cleaning cache and temporary files, and flushing DNS.
Cleaning cache files on El Capitan
- Open a Finder window and select “Go to Folder” in the Go menu, at the top of the screen.
- Type in ~/Library/Caches and hit “enter” to proceed to this folder. Important: remove the insides of these folders, but not the folders themselves.
- Repeat 1 and 2, but replace ~/Library/Caches with /Library/Caches (simply lose the ~ symbol).
- Restart your Mac. Yes, it's kind of a pain.
It's also much easier (and faster) with an app, you can take a look at how to clean caches on Mac OS X.
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When you flush the DNS cache, what you're doing is removing old cache entries that translate internet domain names (example.com) into IP addresses. You're going to need the Terminal for this. To open Terminal, open Spotlight and type in Terminal, or find it by clicking on the Applications folder and then clicking on Utilities.
Once launched, type in:
sudo dscacheutil -flushcache;sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder;say cache flushed
You'll need to enter the admin password to execute the command.
4. Free up memory
Usually Macs are pretty handy with memory management, but sometimes you just have to give them a direction. Check out your memory usage in the Activity Monitor (find it with Spotlight) by clicking on the Memory tab.
If Physical Memory and Memory Used have nearly equal values, it means your Mac will start using Virtual Memory soon. Virtual Memory relies on your Mac's hard drive and is so slow that you don't want to get it involved. When you start running out of memory, just clean it manually with Terminal.
Open it as explained in the Step 3. Then, once opened, type in:
Give your system a moment to process the command.
If you don't want to use the Activity Monitor or Terminal commands each time you need to free up some RAM, you can download CleanMyMac X (a link to the free version) and do it with just one click instead. After downloading CleanMyMac X, freeing up memory is… Well, free.
5. Use CleanMyMac X
You can go over each step to speed up El Capitan, or you can keep it fast with CleanMyMac X. This app is notarized by Apple and has gradually grew into one of the classic Mac apps.
In the latest version of it, you can find a special group of tools, called Speed, which includes Optimization and Maintenance. You can use these tools to run maintenance scripts, find memory leaks and do the tweaks on your own.
This is basically it. If you're still running the good old OS X Capitan, now you know how to push it a little bit so it runs faster. Well done on your part!
Originally released in 2015, El Capitan is the last version of Apple’s operating system designated as Mac OS X. Up until then, the operating system for Macs was known as OS X, but when Sierra (version 10.12) was introduced, Apple started calling it macOS to match the rest of its operating systems including iOS. The last update of El Capitan was 10.11.6, which was released on May 15th 2017. While Apple’s operating system for Mac is considered by many as more secure than Windows, the truth is that it is also affected by security weaknesses. Although many security issues were addressed and fixed in El Capitan, there are still some vulnerabilities present. In addition, it is important to keep in mind the online threats that could compromise the security of Mac users.
MacBooks are valuable tools for professionals and students and it is likely that you use yours in public places like coffee shops and airports. The problem is that these public internet access hubs tend to be unsecured and lurked by hackers. Many people rely on the convenience of free WiFi solutions available in public places, but when you connect to these networks, you may be putting your privacy at risk. Hackers may intercept your connection and get access to your data. In some cases, they even use fake WiFi hotspots to trick you into connecting to a network that they have set up.
When you are in a coffee shop or any other public place and you try to connect to the WiFi, you will see a list of networks available. You probably will try to connect to the one that has the same name or any reference to the place where you are. Unfortunately, hackers can change the name of their network and copy the name of the one you are trying to connect to. Once you connect to this fake network, they can easily access your personal information. Even if you need to enter a password to connect to the WiFi, the hacker may set the password to be the same as the one of the WiFi you actually want to use. If you connect to the fake WiFi set up by the hackers as a trap, they will be able to see what you do online.
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It is even possible that the hackers create their own versions of the websites you usually use and once you enter your login details, they will be able to get them. All your accounts can be compromised because you would be giving away your usernames and passwords while you are connected to the fake WiFi. The good news is that there are ways to protect your information, even when you use public WiFi hotspots. With a VPN, you can keep hackers and eavesdroppers at bay. A VPN encrypts your traffic, making it impossible to read so others will only see scrambled data and won’t be able to steal your personal information. MacBook users can connect to a VPN and make sure that it is enabled before setting the device into standby mode when they take the computer on the go.
It is possible to keep the VPN software on at all times to make sure that your information is safe anywhere you are. Many VPNs support a convenient feature known as kill switch, which shuts down internet access if the VPN connection drops. This will prevent data to be transferred while the traffic is not secured. There are also VPN services that feature automatic WiFi protection, meaning that the VPN checks the WiFi networks you connect to on a regular basis. If you try to connect to an unknown network, the VPN prevents the connection and sends a warning message. This offers additional security and allows you to avoid connecting to untrusted networks. Once a VPN is enabled, it encrypts all the traffic that goes through your Mac. It only accepts data that comes from its VPN server, which stops hackers from getting access to your data.
Since all the traffic is routed through the VPN server, the VPN client installed on your Mac won’t allow any fake websites set up by hackers since it will detect that they are not properly encrypted. Thanks to the encryption applied by the VPN, your online activities can’t be accessed by third-parties. If you are an avid gamer, a VPN is also a valuable tool to protect yourself. Gaming platforms are prone to DDoS attacks but with a VPN, you can avoid becoming a target. In order to launch an attack against you, your IP address is needed. A VPN disguises your IP address and all others see is the IP address of the VPN server, which can handle DDoS attacks. You can enjoy gaming securely and without disadvantages.
Best VPNs for El Capitan
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Although Mac OS X El Capitan is designed with security in mind, there are still threats that could put your information into the wrong hands. In order to avoid risks and defend your privacy and security, you can rely on a VPN to add protection to your Mac. Whether you are at home or on the go, a VPN is an efficient tool to ensure that you enjoy a secure and versatile experience online. The below VPN services offer the features that will keep your traffic safe and that offer great performance with Mac OS X El Capitan.
ExpressVPN offers high security, outstanding speeds and excellent software for Mac. Their network of servers covers 94 countries at the moment. No logs of your activities are kept and ExpressVPN is committed to keep customers’ privacy protected at all times. The customer support team is available 24/7 and you can find useful set up guides for Mac. Although ExpressVPN is slightly more expensive than other options available, it is a top quality solution that deserves to be considered. They have a 30-day moneyback guarantee.
IPVanish has an incredibly fast network that will allow you to enjoy gaming, streaming and downloading without hassle. In addition, it offers a high level of protection to keep your information safe from hackers and other threats. IPVanish has its own network and it has the capacity to handle DDoS attacks effectively. The software is fantastic and it works perfectly with Mac. The kill switch will allow you to keep your IP address hidden from attackers, even if the connection suddenly drops. You can connect to servers in over 60 countries.
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NordVPN supports advanced technology to keep your information secure. They don’t keep any logs and have a solid network of servers that offer security, as well as flexibility to bypass restrictions. You can enjoy top encryption and access to servers in over 60 countries. NordVPN supports reliable protocols including IKEv2/IPsec, which works very well with Apple’s operating systems. NordVPN lets you add an additional layer of security with features like double hop encryption and Tor over VPN.
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VyprVPN brings advanced technology and amazing speeds for online gaming, as well as a great selection of features that will ensure that you enjoy a secure experience. They offer helpful instructions that will guide you through every part of the setting up process. The exclusive Chameleon technology is one of the best things of VyprVPN as it enables you to defeat firewalls and blocks effectively. They have enabled access to L2TP/IPSec, which is a convenient solution for Mac. You can connect to servers in over 70 global locations.